Harassment of Women: Protection against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act 2010


Harassment against women at the workplace is a persistent issue in Pakistan, with studies showing that over 50% of women face some form of harassment at work. To address this, Pakistan passed The Protection against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act in 2010. This post analyzes the key features and scope of this important legislation.

Defining Harassment

The Act provides a broad definition of harassment, covering unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, verbal/written communication or physical conduct of a sexual nature, and sexually demeaning attitudes. This aligns with definitions from CEDAW and covers the major forms of sexual harassment.

Scope of the Law

The law covers all organizations in both public and private sectors across Pakistan. Educational institutions are also included. The definition of “workplace” covers not just the office premises but also outside work activities linked to the job. However, it does not explicitly cover transportation or domestic workers.

Role of Inquiry Committees

The law mandates all organizations to set up internal Inquiry Committees to receive and investigate harassment complaints. This decentralized approach makes reporting accessible. Inquiry Committees have powers to summon witnesses, receive evidence, recommend penalties, and maintain confidentiality.

Oversight by Ombudsmen

Parties unsatisfied with the Committee’s decision can appeal to the Ombudsman. The Ombudsman has the powers of a civil court for investigation and oversight. This provides an impartial quasi-judicial body for redressal. Ombudsmen have interpreted the law progressively in some cases.

Employer Duties

Employers have a major role in implementing the Act’s provisions, including displaying the Code of Conduct, properly constituting the Inquiry Committee, and making adjustments to separate the complainant and accused during the investigation. This engages them in creating a safe workplace.

Shortcomings and Recommendations

Some definitions like “workplace” could be expanded, and regular harassment monitoring assessments mandated. Discrimination in salaries and opportunities should also be covered. More awareness campaigns are needed. Overall though, the law is a major step forward in protecting women’s right to work in Pakistan against harassment.


The 2010 Act provides a comprehensive legal framework for addressing the long-standing issue of workplace harassment of women in Pakistan. Proper enforcement and positive interpretation by courts will strengthen its effectiveness in creating safe, just and inclusive workplaces where women can equally participate.

Essential Skills for Aspiring Nurses

How Nurses Make a Difference in Patient Care

The Power of Compassion: How Nurses Make a Difference in Patient Care

Most Important Thing in Nursing

While nurses do provide medical care, that is only a small part of their job. The most important thing in nursing is compassion, which is the ability to understand another person’s pain and ease that pain by giving them comfort and medical care. The way nurses treat sick or hurt patients with compassion can make all the difference in how well those patients heal and get better.

Show understanding and Support during hard times

With compassion, nurses don’t just see their patients as list of signs and diseases but whole people who need care. Nurses who care about their patients know that their physical health is closely linked to their mental, social, and spiritual health. When you give compassionate care, you treat your patients with respect, listen to their worries, speak up for their needs, show understanding and support during hard times, and listen to their concerns.

Compassion can help patients feel less afraid

People who care about patients are deeply affected by even the smallest acts of kindness. Simple things like holding a patient’s hand during a painful procedure, talking to them to take their mind off the pain, or explaining a method in a way that makes them feel good can make them feel more cared for. Compassion can help people feel less afraid, worried, and alone by bringing them together with other people. “I know what you’re going through, I’m here for you, and you’re not alone” is what it seems to say. The healing process is helped by this deep lesson.

What if a patient is scared of being left alone

Nurses who can connect with their patients want to go above and beyond what is asked of them. They may sit and listen to a patient who needs to talk about their problems. If a patient is scared of being left alone, they may offer to stay on duty past the end of their shift. Patients feel less stressed during hospital stays when loving people do things like bring them their favorite snacks, play their favorite music, and make their rooms feel more like home.

Nurses are fierce advocates for their patients’ rights

The most important thing is, nurses have compassion so they can successfully speak up for the patients they care for. They make sure that patients get the right care for their pain by making their opinions heard. They are very good at telling doctors and other carers what patients need. In order to give patients care they are due, they work hard to fight institutional racism and lack of oversight. They are fierce advocates for their patients’ rights because they care about them.

What makes nurses very happy

That’s because being a nurse takes a lot of work, both mentally and physically. One thing that makes nurses very happy is when they can use their skills and kindness to make their patients’ lives better when they are going through hard times. When they finish their shift, they leave hospital knowing their kind care help their patients get better. Moreover, it gives them comfort, and makes their day a little better all around. This is the power that comes from caring for people with compassion as a nurse.

Essential Skills for Aspiring Nurses


Aspiring Skills -What Every Nursing Student Should Know

Choosing to become a nurse is a big decision that requires commitment, compassion and an array of essential and aspiring skills.

Nursing school will provide you with medical knowledge and clinical training but there are several other critical aspiring skills nurses should develop.

Here are some of the most important abilities and traits every nursing student should strive to cultivate:

Communication Skills are Essential in Nursing:

Clear communication is vital in nursing. You’ll need to converse with patients, doctors, families, and other healthcare staff daily. Practice active listening, speak clearly, make eye contact, and respond with empathy. Strong written skills are also key for charting patient health records.

Critical Thinking & Quick Analyzer

As a nurse, you’ll need to assess patients, analyze symptoms and make quick decisions. Develop your clinical judgment by learning how to gather data, process information, recognize patterns and think logically to provide the best care.

Technical Proficiency

Today’s nurses need to adeptly use advanced medical technology and equipment like EHR systems, medical devices and more. Ensure you become proficient in the technical skills and tools you’ll need on the job. Always be open to learning new technologies as they emerge.

Stamina and Patience

Nursing can be physically and emotionally taxing. You’ll be on your feet for long shifts. Build your endurance and be able to remain calm under pressure. Focus on healthy habits like getting enough rest, eating well, and exercising to manage stress.

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Teamwork and Collaboration

Healthcare relies on coordinated, multidisciplinary teams. Learn to collaborate with doctors, techs, therapists, and other nurses. Be a team player, communicate effectively, and do your part to ensure patients get the best possible care.

Organization and Time Management

Juggling patient needs, doctors’ orders, and emergencies take real organization skills. Work on managing your time wisely, staying focused, and prioritizing tasks. These abilities will help you provide attentive care even when things get hectic.

Passion and Dedication

Most importantly, truly care about your patients. Develop compassion and empathy. Dedicate yourself to making a difference and elevating care standards. Your motivation and commitment to improving lives will make you a great nurse.

The skills above are essential for any aspiring nurse. Focus on continually developing them as you embark on your nursing education and career. With dedication to lifelong learning and growth, you’ll be well-prepared to provide exceptional, thoughtful patient care.

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